Can Chickens Eat Pumpkin? A Concise, Full Feeding Guide

Chickens are rather versatile when it comes to their diet preferences. They are omnivores meaning they’ll eat several types of plants, fruits, seeds, and bugs.

It is common for people to want to feed their table scraps and or food that is about to spoil to their chickens.

Around fall, most people have spare pumpkins lying around for decoration. If you’re curious whether chickens safely consume pumpkins, the short answer is yes, they can! And they rather enjoy them.

Curious to learn more about how to feed pumpkins to your homestead flock safely? Continue reading to learn the facts, preparation, and what to expect when adding pumpkin to your chickens’ diet.

Chicken with open pumpkin

Can Chickens Eat Pumpkins? (Is it safe)

In short, yes, Chickens can eat pumpkins and tend to enjoy them as well.

However, much like bananas, pineapples, and other fruits and veggies, it is essential to know that it should be done in moderation to keep your birds safe.

So yes, chickens can eat pumpkins, as long as specific rules and guidelines are followed in doing so.

Firstly, the freshness of the pumpkin needs to be considered when feeding. It is crucial only to provide fresh pumpkins and avoid ones that show any signs of spoilage, rot, or mold. This is to prevent sickness within your flock, for mold can produce toxins that can harm chickens and humans.

Secondly, overall diet should be considered. Pumpkins should not be a replacement for a complete diet. In other words, pumpkin should NOT be the only thing you’re feeding your flock, but rather a treat now and again.

And finally, make sure if you’re feeding your chickens pumpkin seeds, complement them with grit. Grit will help your flock with digesting the seeds.

In following these steps, you can safely add pumpkin as a treat to your chickens’ diet. A balanced, varied diet will keep your flock living a long, happy life.

Which Parts of Pumpkin Can They Eat?

Now that we’ve established that chickens can eat pumpkins, it is essential to know which parts are safe for them to eat. Below are the pieces your flock can safely enjoy and how to serve them.

Parts of a pumpkin plant

Pulp/ meat

Chickens can eat the pumpkin’s main part (or the meat). When serving this, it is essential to cut it into smaller pieces making it easier for your birds to consume and digest. The last thing you want is for your flock to risk choking.


Pumpkin seeds are, in fact, safe for chicken consumption. They can serve as quite a nutritious treat. Pumpkin seeds contain healthy fats and protein. However, if your flock has mainly younger birds, seeds can pose a choking hazard; removing them from the pumpkin meat might be a good idea.


The skin of the pumpkin is tricky; if it is too hard, we recommend not feeding it as it can be difficult for your flock to digest.

Vines/Tendrils and Leaves

When feeding plants to your birds, it’s always a good idea to wash all the parts. This way, you will ensure the leaves aren’t contaminated with harmful bacteria.

Canned Pumpkin

It might seem like a good idea to feed your flock canned pumpkin to avoid choking. While canned pumpkin is generally considered safe, be careful which kinds you pick. Avoid canned pumpkin that has added syrups or sugar. Also, check the label for any unwanted ingredients and pick ones that are 100% pumpkin. Fresh is best but occasional canned pumpkin is ok too.

Which Parts of a Pumpkin can chickens NOT eat?

Now that we’ve established the parts of the pumpkin a chicken can eat, it is imperative to know what not to feed your birds and why.


If the shell on your pumpkin is too hard, it can be difficult for your flock to digest.


Technically, chickens can consume the stem of a pumpkin. However, the stem of a pumpkin is relatively hard and can be a choking hazard for your birds.

Will Chickens Eat Pumpkins?

Chickens eating a pumpkin.

We’ve gone over that chickens can safely consume pumpkins. The next question is, do chickens like eating pumpkins?

And the answer, again, is yes! Chickens generally enjoy eating pumpkins.

Pumpkins serve as a tasty treat for chickens to get several nutrients. Homestead poultry owners share that their flocks are pretty fond of them. Chickens generally like to peck at the fleshy part of the pumpkin.

These fruits also serve as an excellent way for birds to stay hydrated in hotter climates. At the same time, pumpkin seeds act as a good way for your birds to get sources of healthy fats.

As with any new food product, it is important to gradually introduce pumpkins to your flock to ensure there are no digestive issues.

Health Benefits Of Giving Chickens Pumpkin

The main concern when adding a new food group to your flock’s diet is whether it is healthy for them. Luckily for you, and your birds, pumpkins have several health benefits.

Vitamin A

Pumpkins are rich in several essential vitamins. Especially vitamin A, which is an important vitamin that’s roles include immune function, healthy vision, and overall skin health. Vitamin A deficiency can harm your flock and, in extreme cases, cause death. Pumpkins are rich in copper, fiber, folate, and manganese.

Boosting of the Immune System

While pumpkins are rich in Vitamin A, they are also a source of Vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant. This vitamin is essential for synthesizing collagen, a protein within the body that is essential the glue that holds tissues together, including skin, bones, and cartilage.

Vitamin C can help reduce inflammation and the risk of chronic disease. You want your birds to have a robust, healthy immune system.
The overall boost in the immune system will, in turn, boost egg equality as well. This results in more nutrient-dense eggs, which benefits you as a consumer.

Skin and Feathers

Due to the vitamins and minerals in pumpkins, chickens who consume them tend to have healthier skin and feathers. Their essential vitamins help aid in feather regrowth after a molt.


Proper water intake is crucial for your flock’s overall organ function. Luckily, pumpkins have a relatively high water content.

Natural Antioxidants

Pumpkins are packed with several antioxidants which help protect your birds from cell damage. These antioxidants include Vitamin A and beta-carotene.

Healthy Fats

Pumpkin seeds are known to contain most of these fats that help aid muscle development, overall health, and energy production.

How To Serve Pumpkin To Chickens

Now that we have established that chickens like pumpkins and are relatively healthy to consume, let’s talk about serving them to your birds.

Pumpkins should NOT replace any part of your bird’s already-in-place diet. Instead, it would be best if you treated pumpkins as occasional treats. A well-balanced chicken feed SHOULD remain the central aspect of their diet.

Moderation is vital when feeding your flock. Giving your chickens a pumpkin every other day rather than several every day is best. You want to ensure that their feed is their primary food source. If they only consume pumpkins, they may miss out on essential nutrients. It’s possible to overindulge in pumpkins and not get a balanced diet.

To avoid fights within your flock, we find it best to cut up your pumpkin into smaller pieces and spread it out. By cutting up your pumpkin, you’re also reducing the risk of choking hazards.
Please also keep in mind and remember that every chicken is an individual.

Our tips and guidelines are based on the average chicken and backyard flock. If you notice that your birds are more sensitive to pumpkins than most, you should have less in their diet. Some chickens may not even like pumpkins at all. If one of your chickens reacts badly to eating pumpkin, we suggest you stop feeding it to them.

Tips on Feeding Chickens Pumpkin

Backyard chickens eating out of a pumpkin.

We can’t emphasize this enough–freshness matters! Check for and cut off any moldy pieces. If in doubt, throw it out!
We recommend introducing pumpkins gradually into their diet.

After your birds finish eating, we recommend cleaning the area. We all can agree that Chickens aren’t necessarily the neatest eaters, and you want to avoid attracting unwanted pests.

It’s essential to understand that you should feed a manageable amount that chickens can consume. Too much can cause digestive problems and can lead to potential choking hazards.

For adult chickens, chopping or slicing the pumpkins into manageable pieces around 1 to 2 inches in size. This size allows chickens to peck at the pumpkin easily and consume it without difficulty.

Cut the pieces into smaller sizes for smaller or younger chickens to suit their beaks.

Can Pumpkin Be Bad for Chickens?

Much like with any treat, too much of anything can be bad. Feeding an excessive amount of pumpkins can be harmful to your flock.

Feeding poultry too much can lead to a nutritional imbalance for your birds. And as previously mentioned, if there are any signs of mold or decay, it’s best not to serve your birds that fruit.

Additionally, jack-o’ lanterns are a Halloween favorite; however, it’s best not to give your birds the pumpkins that have been tampered with. Leftover candle wax and other decorations can be harmful.

You’ll want to keep your birds safe, so keep the decorations as decorations! Sometimes pumpkins can serve as choking hazards; therefore, you’ll want to watch for any choking hazards.

Remember to wash your pumpkins before feeding them to your birds, especially if it is store bought. They probably wouldn’t want to eat unwashed produce if you did not want to eat unwashed produce.

Overfeeding pumpkins can lead to obesity within the flock, which can, in turn, lead to organ failure.


Chicken among vegetables.

Pumpkins can be a wonderful treat for your chicken flock!

You want to ensure not to overfeed pumpkins to your chickens.
Although they are very high in nutrients and healthy fats, pumpkins should not replace any feed; they should be an addition.

Pumpkins should only be fed about every other day.

If you do add pumpkins to your chickens’ diet, you’re increasing your chances of having a happy, healthy flock.

If you want to see what other fruits/ vegetables you can add to your flock’s diet, check out this article we have on pineapples.

If you feed your chickens pumpkins, let us know in the comments below!

Chris Lesley Bio Picture
Chris Lesley has been Raising Chickens for over 20 years and is a fourth generation chicken keeper. She can remember being a young child when her grandad first taught her how to hold and care for chickens. She also holds a certificate in Animal Behavior and Welfare and is interested in backyard chicken health and care.

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